In any application, testing is crucial, as it verifies that everything is working as expected and that what we are going to deliver to the end user is what was described in the project plan.
Typically, it allows developers to inspect whether their app meets functional, performance, and UI specifications.
Web applications can be tested using a variety of methods and types. These testing methods have already been combined into reusable libraries by many open-source developers.
In addition to being easy to use, React makes it possible to build any web application's UI regardless of its complexity. Also, getting a better impact on your user experience requires React monitoring.
React monitoring is made simple with Atatus hence, you can monitor, troubleshoot, and optimize the performance of your React apps. Your app does not require any code changes for the installation process. Get instant access to hidden React errors.
Many libraries are available for testing React components in the app in the React community. In light of this, let's get started with a look at the subsequent react testing libraries and tools for the year 2022.
Table Of Contents
With Chai, assertions are integrated, unlike Mocha, so most developers use them to test React applications. When you report what to expect in a test, functionality such as expect, should, and assert can help.
The Enzyme framework can be used to develop assertions for functions, and also for components in the future.
Despite not being as popular as Jest or Mocha, Chai is becoming more popular. In most cases, it is used in conjunction with Mocha and Enzyme or Jest and Enzyme.
- In addition to supporting Behavior Driven Development, it also supports Test-Driven Development.
- On GitHub, Chai has over 7.7k stars.
- Several interfaces are available.
Like Node's assert library, Chai is an assertion library. Testers find it much easier to test with it because it offers a multitude of assertions that they can run.
Chai can be found on NPM. Type this command to install it:
$ npm install --save-dev chai
Use the chai.js file from the download if you want to use it in the browser, install via npm and use the chai.js file that's included within the download. For instance:
Many developers consider Jest to be one of the best React testing libraries. Facebook is responsible for designing and propping it. Additionally, it supports TypeScript, Node.js, Angular, and Vue.js, along with React.
Testing React components with Jest is a popular practice at Facebook, used by Uber, Airbnb and other companies. Therefore, Jest is recommended by the React community as the preferred testing framework for React.
In addition to its performance advantages, process-based parallel testing is easy to use and offers the choice of giving priority to failed tests. Testing frameworks for React are probably most popular with Jest, with over 16M downloads per week.
- On GitHub, it has 40.4k stars.
- It is free and open-source.
- Parallel testing is supported.
- As well as being fast, it also supports promises.
- Detailed documentation is provided.
An installation using yarn.
yarn add --dev jest
An installation using npm.
npm install --save-dev jest
Using Mocha, you can test Node.js applications in any browser and with any assertion library, supporting asynchronous testing, test coverage reports, and assertion libraries.
In addition to being extremely configurable, the software entitles the developer to select which tools they want to use to test their code, while also permitting you to incorporate or out most supporting libraries and tools.
As with Jest and other frameworks, Mocha can also be combined with Enzyme, Chai, and other libraries for assertions, mocking, and so on when used with React.
Often, if advanced configurations are needed with a mature and rich toolset, some prefer to test their React apps as well.
However, this can also become a hassle as you will have to add more tools to your workflow to complete common tasks (like snapshots).
- On GitHub, Mocha has over 21.7k stars.
- Mocha has a lot of flexibility.
- Asynchronous testing is supported by Mocha.
- Servers and browsers can also be tested using it.
- With Mocha, generator support can be easily added.
With npm, install globally:
$ npm install karma --save-dev
You can use these development dependencies in your project:
$ npm install karma-jasmine karma-chrome-launcher jasmine-core --save-dev
Karma does not support testing frameworks or assertion libraries (compatible with Jasmine, Mocha, etc.). The HTTP server in which the test runner runs produces the HTML file for the test runner.
Testing can be run on real browsers and devices, such as mobile phones, tablets, and desktops, while the entire feedback loop takes place in your IDE. Karma also works with continuous deployment to Jenkins, Travis etc.
- The software is open-source.
- On GitHub, it has 11.8k stars
- Karma runs tests perfectly.
- Karma makes debugging easy.
- Continual integration is supported.
The Karma package runs on Node.js and is accessible via npm. If you want to install Karma (as well as all the plugins you need) locally in your project directory, you should follow the steps below.
Karma must be installed by:
$ npm install karma --save-dev
If your project requires plugins, install them as follows:
$ npm install karma-jasmine karma-chrome-launcher jasmine-core --save-dev
Many developers who use the Angular CLI love using Jasmine for testing their applications. Generally, developers use it in collaboration with Babel and Enzyme to test React apps.
The CLI tool has traditionally been used with frameworks like Angular. In order to streamline this workflow, a dedicated helper util library was built.
You should also be aware that Jasmine does not provide snapshot tests, code coverage tools, parallelization (requires third-party tools), and native DOM manipulation (requires a third-party tool).
- DOM (document object model) is not necessary for Jasmine.
- It is helpful both for front-end and back-end testing.
- Community support and solid documents.
- On GitHub, Jasmine has over 561 stars.
With npm, you can install Jasmine locally:
npm install --save-dev jasmine
Jasmine should be added to package.json using this,
npm install --save-dev jasmine-browser-runner jasmine-core npx jasmine-browser-runner init
In particular, Enzyme's testing framework syncs up with Jest's testing framework quite frequently. Enzyme makes it possible for developers to easily test React components without having to install anything.
A leading developer and maintainer of the enzyme framework is Airbnb. An enzyme is a testing utility, not a testing framework, that abstracts the rendering of components to make it easier to test their output.
Additionally, the enzyme is employed by other testing libraries alongside Jest, Mocha, and Karma. Among the companies that use the enzyme are Airbnb, Frontend, BlaBlaCar, and Kaidee.
A similar feature to JQuery's manipulation of DOM elements is Enzyme's ability to manipulate, traverse, and even pretend to be a runtime element.
In addition to rendering components, finding elements, and engaging with them, the tool is also quite useful in finding and engaging with them. The enzyme is compatible with Karma, Mocha, or other frameworks if you use Jest in conjunction with it.
- Shallow rendering is used in it.
- On GitHub, the enzyme has over 19.9k stars.
- Runs the full DOM rendering.
- You can access the business implementation of the components.
If you want to get started with enzyme, all you have to do is install it using npm. If you are using react (or another UI Component library), you will need to install enzyme along with an Adapter. The following instance shows how to use enzyme with React 16:
npm i --save-dev enzyme enzyme-adapter-react-16
According to reports, 71 companies use React testing library to test their applications, including Graphy, Ze Delivery, Commercetools, Hivebrite, MPB, and Page Builder.
An extensive community of developers supports the React-testing-library, created by Kent C. Dodds. By simulating the user behavior in your tests, you can easily test the component.
This library provides a comprehensive set of React DOM testing utilities built around simulating real user action and workflow. Using React testing library, you can test React components.
As an extension of react-dom, it makes use of test-utils and react-dom. Testing is done with DOM nodes rather than rendered components in the React testing library.
There are some limitations with this library, including that you cannot perform shallow rendering or access state-based information.
- On GitHub, the React testing library has over 17k stars.
- Vue, React, and Angular can be incorporated with it.
- DOM testing utilities are included.
- The React testing library allows you to easily replicate workflows and user actions.
- It is possible to test behavior using the React testing library.
npm install --save-dev @testing-library/react
yarn add --dev @testing-library/react
A final shot
A React web application can be tested quickly with a number of React testing libraries. All of them have their benefits and drawbacks.
A number of React testing libraries are available. Each of them has unique features, benefits, and drawbacks. The following can be categorized as libraries or frameworks, while some are just functions that are used with libraries or frameworks seamlessly.
React testing is made easy with the Jest library. For better results and experience, it is frequently used in conjunction with Enzyme. React testing frameworks like Jasmine and Mocha are also popular with Enzyme.
React's modularity makes TDD easier. You can put this theory into practice without pain by selecting the right tooling, from components to integration and end-to-end testing.
To create a smooth yet flexible workflow that can adapt when upgrading, extending, and modifying your code, you need the right testing framework (e.g. Jest etc) coupled with the right assertion/manipulation libraries (e.g. Enzyme etc).
As a result of virtually isolating components from their projects (e.g. Bit etc), modularity and test-driven development are taken to an entirely new level.
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