Web applications have expanded over the past ten years to support millions of users and generate terabytes of data. Customers of these programmes anticipate quick responses and round-the-clock accessibility.
When businesses adopt service-oriented architectures and give up monolithic workloads, they are stepping into the uncharted ground. One way that the microservices design helps is by speeding up development and enhancing team cooperation so that projects can be completed more quickly and SLAs can be met.
Yet, as a workload increases in magnitude, it may become more difficult to track and keep an eye on it. It gets harder to trace requests that can aid teams in testing their applications when more and more services are developed and included in a workload.
It has become necessary to track each system and service due to the rise of distributed systems and microservices. This has led to the adoption of tracing tools, which assist users in understanding how a system operates by monitoring, identifying, and diagnosing faults in multi-tiered applications.
Tracing tools assist you in managing, monitoring, and evaluating the performance of your cloud services, apps, and infrastructure while ensuring that your consumers have the best possible online experience.
Conventional monitoring technologies created for monolithic programmes were unable to offer precise insight into the performance and behaviour of distributed systems. As a result, developers required a new technique for keeping an eye on distributed services. This is where tracing comes in.
- What are Microservices?
- Definition of Distributed Tracing Tools
- How Distributed Tracing Tool Works?
- Top Distributed Tracing Tools
- Advantages of Distributed Tracing Tool
What are Microservices?
Microservices are a collection of discrete, special-purpose apps that work together to create a larger app. With microservices, a system can become more modular. Building a collection of services, each of which handles a different part of the system, is preferable to creating a single, huge system.
In the microservices pattern of software architecture, each function carried out by an application is handled by a separate programme known as a service. This service often runs its database and interacts with other services via events, messages, or a REST API. Microservices make software development easier, especially at scale.
Consider an e-commerce application as an illustration. Both the price-calculating capabilities and the product listing functionality might be combined into a single service.
Discounts and delivery charges will be calculated by the price computation service when a user picks a product and checks the price. Each service can have a separate dedicated database and web server, allowing it to scale in response to demand.
Definition of Distributed Tracing Tools
A distributed tracing tool is a piece of software used to monitor the operation and behaviour of complicated distributed systems, like applications built using microservices. With the aid of distributed tracing, you can observe how a request moves through several services and systems, the timing of each action, any logs, and errors as they arise.
The performance of our programme can be better understood by tracing a distributed system. Distributed tracing has become an extremely important part of assessing the functional health of the system as a result of the shift in computing architecture towards microservices replacing old monolithic systems.
Tracing tools assist you in understanding the connections and interactions between microservices in a distributed context. A microservice's performance and its impact on other microservices can be gleaned using tracing tools.
How Distributed Tracing Tool Works?
Distributed tracing works with traces and spans. A trace is the complete request process, and each trace is made up of spans. A span is a labelled time interval that represents the activity taking place within each component or service of a system. By analysing each span in a trace, IT administrators can identify the root cause of an issue.
Let's look at an illustration of a fictitious distributed trace.
The above diagram shows how a trace starts in one service, a React application running in the browser, moves through a request to an API web server, and then continues even further to a background task worker.
Each span in this figure, which represents the work carried out within each service, maybe "traced" back to the initial activity started by the browser programme. Finally, because these operations take place across various services, this trace is recognised as distributed.
With new technologies like containers, the cloud, and serverless, applications are becoming more prominent. As a result, new points of failure are created, which increases the pressure on IT administrators to find solutions as soon as feasible.
However, while microservices may benefit DevOps teams, they also diminish system visibility, and when the scope extends across microservices, teams, and functions, IT teams risk losing sight of the broader picture. Without the right direction, IT staff could waste countless hours hunting for problems that aren't there.
Distributed tracing gives a thorough perspective of an application's infrastructure and identifies trouble spots in microservice communication. As a request moves through the services of an IT infrastructure, it tracks and logs it.
For instance, system architects can virtualize the execution of each iteration of a function using distributed tracing. In this manner, IT teams may identify precisely which function instance is resulting in latency and fix the issue.
Top Distributed Tracing Tools
The best tracing tools can accelerate incident recovery and help you get rid of performance bottlenecks. It's crucial to pick a distributed tracing solution that exactly meets your company's needs.
Here are top 10 tools for achieving end-to-end tracing for your business are:
Atatus is a distributed tracing tool that helps developers monitor, troubleshoot, and optimize their applications by providing detailed insights into how requests flow through a distributed system.
With Atatus, developers can trace the journey of a request from the client to the server, and from server to server, identifying bottlenecks and performance issues along the way. Atatus provides real-time data visualization and analytics, enabling developers to quickly identify and resolve issues that can impact user experience.
- End-to-end visibility
- Faster troubleshooting and resolution
- Improved performance optimization
- Root-cause analysis
- Simple setup process
- Easy integrations with notification channels
SigNoz is a free and open-source APM. It aids in application monitoring & problem-solving for developers. SigNoz provides a uniform UI for metrics and traces so that there is no need to jump between multiple tools such as Jaeger and Prometheus.
- Support for Native OpenTelemetry
- Rich interface with charts
- Metrics offers a bespoke user interface and a Prometheus backend.
- Visualization of traces using Gantt charts and Flame graphs
- Filters as per tags, status codes, service names, operations, etc.
Uber Technologies developed the distributed tracing technology known as Jaeger. It can be used to monitor distributed systems with microservices.
Jaeger's visibility into the request flow between microservices allows developers to analyse the performance and behaviour of their applications. To assist developers in locating performance bottlenecks and problems, it is used to collect timing data and logs from several services and present them in a single view.
- Solid and renowned project
- Adaptive sampling
- Multiple DBMS support via plugins
- Sponsored by CNCF
Zipkin is an open-source distributed tracing tool that assists in gathering information on how microservices interact in distributed systems.
With the help of Zipkin, you can see how requests and responses move back and forth across services as well as how each request performs in terms of latency and response times.
Zipkin's main feature is the ability to trace a request as it moves across numerous microservices. Teams may detect and fix performance and stability issues by using this information to get insights into how each service performs and how it interacts with other services.
Grafana or Kibana, which have been set up to operate with the Zipkin data source, can be used in place of Zipkin's simple user interface.
- Solid and renowned project
- Availability of multiple DBMS
5. Grafana Tempo
Grafana Tempo is an open-source, simple-to-use, and large-scale distributed tracing backend. Together, Tempo and Grafana offer a comprehensive solution for the observability of distributed systems and microservices.
Tempo is inexpensive to use and has tight integration with Grafana, Prometheus, and Loki. It only needs object storage to run. Common open-source tracing protocols like Jaeger, Zipkin, and OpenTelemetry can all be ingested by Tempo.
Tempo is highly suited for usage in large, complicated systems since it is optimised for excellent performance and can manage lots of tracing data. It offers a backend that is extremely scalable, highly available, and can be used to store, query, and display trace data.
- Integration with the analytics dashboard in Grafana
- OpenTelemetry assistance
New Relic is one of the first businesses in the application performance monitoring industry. Performance monitoring provides businesses with a variety of options. It provides New Relic Edge for distributed tracing, which may track all of an application's traces.
- Choices for distributed tracing and sampling for a variety of technology stacks
- Support for OpenTelemetry and other open-source tracing standards
- Correlation between tracing data and other application infrastructure components, as well as a user monitoring
- Experience in a fully managed cloud with on-demand scalability
The "all-in-one" platform for observability, automation, AI, and application security is called Dynatrace. The installation of an agent and automatic detection of everything in your environment make deploying Dynatrace as easy as writing a single line of code.
This indicates that no configuration is needed when setting it up. Using Dynatrace, you can get a complete picture of everything happening in your application environment.
- All user interactions are evaluated for performance using Dynatrace. It evaluates the performance of each component of the infrastructure as well as the availability of the application. Mobile apps for iOS and Android can also be instrumented with Dynatrace.
- The OpenTelemetry standard is supported by Dynatrace.
- Web services, web containers, database requests, and bespoke services can all be instrumented using Dynatrace on the server side. Additionally, it can keep an eye on the infrastructure's hosts, processes, and network.
- Dynatrace outputs log data to a log file and offer additional observability with custom log metrics.
- With automatic runtime vulnerability identification, Dynatrace excels at application security, enabling the quick and secure delivery of applications.
A data tracking engine called Honeycomb is incredibly quick. Signal graphs that depict events in production allow you to quickly and accurately answer inquiries about what is happening in your system, despite its sophistication and high level of dimension.
It might only take a single click to enter the tracing view by selecting a trace ID. Regardless of how complicated your system is, Honeycomb offers a seamless picture of every event taking place in it.
- A robust querying tool that provides unmatched versatility when querying data.
- When the entire team utilises Honeycomb, collective intelligence enables effective debugging because all system issues are recorded and made available to everyone.
- A user-friendly interface that enables you to visualise data and quickly identify any outliers.
One of Lightstep's most potent features is its capacity to dynamically produce a visual depiction of any query you run through real-time trace data processing. Also, Lightstep can be an excellent choice for you if your application depends on outside services since it measures your system's latency in comparison to the calling service.
- It shows the precise causes of any performance issues and immediately recognises changes to your application and infrastructure.
- A time-series database that is blazingly quick and can generate system-wide insights in only seconds.
- It offers real-time root cause analysis spanning traces, logs, metrics from the full infrastructure, and dynamic service maps.
The most remarkable aspect of Splunk is its original and practical AI-driven analytics, which shorten inquiry times by instantly alerting you to important patterns. Three different search options are offered by Splunk: fast, smart, and verbose.
They give you the best tracing experience possible, with each mode's capabilities tailored based on how meticulous you need to be.
- With current monitoring that is designed for speed and advanced analytics, resolve issues quickly.
- KPI-driven analytics and full-stack visibility
- Identifying and responding to priority situations using predictive machine learning
A complete breakdown of backend and code-level engagements is made possible by Datadog Application Performance Monitoring (APM), which also receives and displays frontend data. Using this tool, you may instantly search through all of your traces according to any tag.
Using Datadog, you can quickly move from the trace to the logs for each request and get important details like infrastructure metrics and runtime metrics. Finally, it ensures end-to-end application monitoring across all platforms, including mobile apps, web browsers, and even individual queries.
- You can use open-source tracing libraries with it because it supports OpenTelemetry standards.
- Datadog automatically creates performance graphs and service overviews for simple visualisation.
- Datadog automatically gathers logs from all platforms, services, and apps and enables you to examine them using potent visualisations.
Advantages of Distributed Tracing Tools
- Solve issues more quickly: Reduce mean time to resolution (MTTR) and mean time to discovery by a significant amount (MTTD). Distributed traces can be examined by engineers to identify the source and location of application failures.
- Increasing team cooperation: Many technologies are handled and developed by specialist teams in a typical microservice context. If teams aren't aware of the error's location and the person in charge of fixing it, misunderstanding may result. An engineering team can use a trace link to visualise the data and notify the appropriate developer to fix the problem.
- Flexibility in implementation and integration: Distributed tracing can be added to practically any cloud-native environment by developers. The tools are compatible with many different programming languages and software programmes.
- Testing: relates to the capability of producing E2E test code to verify intricate backend flows. Distributed tracing technologies can be used to verify challenging asynchronous tasks and get insight into test failures.
- Observability: refers to giving your distributed application visibility through E2E visualisation. One of the fundamental indicators of observability is tracing, and distributed tracing technologies typically provide the ability to observe your app flows and comprehend the interdependencies among various components in your application. Access to a trace-based service map and API catalogue are also included in observability.
Microservices-based architecture has been quickly embraced by contemporary digital businesses for their applications. Applications based on microservices are easier to track with distributed tracing tools.
It might be difficult for developers to pinpoint the source of problems when debugging microservices. Not to mention how tedious it is to go through countless logs from various providers and how long it takes. Despite all of these difficulties, distributed tracing offers a solution.
Your developers can follow requests across services with the use of distributed tracing. Distributed tracing tools are frequently used by users to increase the visibility of issues that are apparent in their traces as distributed systems get more complicated.
Every developer should have tracing tools in their toolbox because they can be quite useful for finding flaws in your systems. To make sure that issues are found and fixed as soon as they arise, distributed tracing has become crucial for development teams working in distributed microservice architectures.
Distributed tracing provides a narrative of the events that happened in your systems, enabling you to react quickly to unforeseen problems. So, as technology and software get more complex in the future, using this formula as well as techniques like monitoring metrics and logging will become more important.
When considering the effects of tracing via a distributed system, you'll be surprised to see that it can reveal unpredictable behaviour, making it simple to prevent and recover from errors.
Monitor Your Entire Application with Atatus
Atatus is a Full Stack Observability Platform that lets you review problems as if they happened in your application. Instead of guessing why errors happen or asking users for screenshots and log dumps, Atatus lets you replay the session to quickly understand what went wrong.
We offer Application Performance Monitoring, Real User Monitoring, Server Monitoring, Logs Monitoring, Synthetic Monitoring, Uptime Monitoring, and API Analytics. It works perfectly with any application, regardless of framework, and has plugins.
Atatus can be beneficial to your business, which provides a comprehensive view of your application, including how it works, where performance bottlenecks exist, which users are most impacted, and which errors break your code for your frontend, backend, and infrastructure.
If you are not yet an Atatus customer, you can sign up for a 14-day free trial.